- All of existence was a moment-to-moment, renewable miracle, and God’s divine power was the one and only cause or explanation for any of it.
- There were only four elements on Earth, and all things here were made of them: air, fire, earth, and water.
- Fire and air, being lightweight, naturally traveled upward, above the Earth, and combined to form a fifth element called aether.
- Everything not on the Earth (stars, planets, moon, etc.) was made of aether.
- The Earth was the center of the universe; the Sun and the planets revolved around the Earth in epicycles.
- The one and only cause of all planetary motion was God’s divine power.
Hey! What About God?
Can we agree not to get into a debate about the “…God’s power…” portion of this list?
I trust it is sufficient to say that after the Scientific Revolution, even though many still believed in God and God’s power, people also acknowledged proven scientific facts that govern our natural world. Forces and materials such as gravity, matter, elements, chemical reactions, and other verifiable phenomena became known, undisputed, and accepted as active agents in our universe.
So, the real reason, people began to discard their previous inaccurate beliefs was because of the new science which came from the Scientific Revolution.
What Did Science Say That Was So Juicy and Enticing?
And what did the science of the Scientific Revolution say? Primarily:
- Each “thing” (including the universe itself) is made of smaller parts with predictable functions. The smaller parts play roles in making the larger thing work. That is their “job.”
- For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. Every movement has a cause. Every action is determined by something else exerting itself upon the thing that acted.
- The observer and the observed are two separate things. A scientist, a teacher, a manager, an administrator, etc., are all distinct and separate observers of what they are observing or experimenting with.
- Things occur in a logical, linear fashion. When a certain outcome occurs, you can always find the cause by tracing the multiplied effects backwards. Action is like a row of dominoes falling after the first one gets pushed.
These four scientific facts (or “facts” as you’ll soon learn…hint, hint… in future posts) are the science you and I learned in our high school science classes.
What’s So Juicy and Enticing About Those Four Things?
These four scientific facts created new paradigms which began to govern people’s beliefs. And these paradigms have been in place since the Scientific Revolution.
More about those paradigms soon (and why you should care about them)…